Dentistry – basic information

dental filling

dental filling
What does conservative dentistry do?

Conservative dentistry treats tooth decay and carious defects by rebuilding tooth tissues with light-cured materials, i.e., fillings. It is important to have regular visits to the dentist in order to check the state of your teeth on an ongoing basis, as untreated caries can even lead to tooth loss.

The symptoms that should prompt you to report to the dentist are:

  • hypersensitivity to temperature and sour flavour
  • tenderness when brushing
  • bad breath
  • toothache


What is caries?

Caries, or tooth decay, is a disease involving mineralised tooth particles, caused by acids on the tooth surface that are produced by bacteria found within plaque. The carious process is the result of an imbalance between mineralisation and demineralisation (loss of tooth structure).

Conservative dentistry – applied solutions

Applied solutions
Conservative dentistry – a spectrum of treatment options

At the Cichoń Dental Centre, conservative treatment always starts with comprehensive diagnostics, tailored to the individual needs of the patient, and assessment of the condition of the oral cavity. Treatments are performed using modern methods and the highest quality dental materials. The fillings meet all the patients’ requirements for both the function and aesthetics, because we care not only for their durability, but also carefully choose colours adapted to the natural colour of the enamel. Thanks to this, the fillings are completely invisible and look like natural teeth.

The choice of treatment method depends on the depth and extent of carious lesions. We use the following solutions:

  • non-invasive methods: ozone treatment and fluoride preparations, remineralising enamel and dentine (gels and varnishes)
  • invasive methods: preparation and filling of cavities with composite material
  • microinvasive methods: infiltration of the Icon system

At the Cichoń Dental Centre, we ensure that the treatment is painless at every stage. We use the Wand computer anaesthesia, inhalation sedation with nitrous oxide and painless laser removal of damaged tooth tissues.

Conservative dentistry – the course of treatment

The course of treatment
Non-invasive methods

For non-invasive methods, regularity is very important – to be effective, they should be employed systematically at regular intervals. Non-invasive treatment is based on regular and systematic visits and adherence to the recommendations of the dentist. After the procedure, it is recommended to not eat or drink sugary drinks for an hour.

Invasive methods

Invasive methods involve cleaning teeth (removal of diseased tissue) and tightly filling the cavity with a composite material (colloquially known as a filling). The patient can decide whether they wish to receive anaesthesia. A wide range of methods and anaesthetics provides patients with maximum comfort and elimination of pain, making a visit to the dentist no longer a source of stress. The analgesics used are safe for health and can be used by children and pregnant women. If you take anaesthesia, special care should be taken for about two hours after the procedure – due to the reduced feeling there is a risk of lip biting or burning with a hot meal or drink.

Microinvasive methods

Another possible treatment for caries is the innovative, microinvasive infiltration method using the Icon system. It is an easy and painless way to stop the development of caries and remove white spots from the surface of the teeth.
Regular visits to the dental practice are a guarantee of a beautiful and healthy smile. Reporting for inspection visits and conducting oral hygiene treatment every 6 months is also a condition for maintaining the treatment warranty.

Frequently asked questions

What type of filling is the best?

A whole range of materials for filling dental cavities is available on the market. At the Cichoń Dental Centre, we have been using the best of them for many years: GRADIA DIRECT and ENAMEL PLUS, which retain the best aesthetic qualities. These composites are distinguished by their maximum tightness, amazing durability and stunning aesthetic effect.

What should be done to avoid the need for root canal treatment in the future?

Regular visits to the dental clinic should be carried out because early caries can be treated with a standard filling.

Can one get infected with caries?

Yes, caries is caused by bacteria, which can move. Therefore, it is important not to share toothbrushes with other people.

How do you recognise caries?

Caries can be seen. When tooth decay is small, it appears as white or dark spot on the surface of the enamel. Advanced caries is perceived as “holes” in the tooth. Disturbing symptoms are: hypersensitivity to heat and cold or acid and sweet flavours, as well as pain during biting.

Do sweets cause tooth decay?

Yes, sweets have a major impact on the formation of caries, because the simple sugars contained in them contribute to the formation of bacteria inside the mouth.